Stroke is a leading cause of disability and death in adults. According to research, the incidence of stroke in India is roughly 203 cases per 100,000 population above 20 years which amounts to about a total of 1 million cases. The most worldwide cause of stroke is high blood pressure. This makes hypertension or hypertension the single most important risk element.
A stroke can be described as a sudden loss of brain functioning because of disturbance of the blood supply to your brain. Interruption of the blood supply results in a lack of oxygen and other nutrients into the brain tissue. Since the brain cells use oxygen in an exceptionally large rate, disturbance of the oxygen and other nutrients into the mind even for a few seconds can cause extensive damage and severe complications.
Blood Supply to the Brain
Blood supply to the brain could be disrupted due to:
A block with a clot or other debris from the blood vessel, which provides blood to the brain. If this happens, you’re having an ischemic stroke. This type of stroke is more common (85 percent of all strokes are of ischemic stroke)
A hemorrhagic stroke occurs when there is a rupture of the blood vessels in the brain, and this then leads to bleeding from the brain tissue and interruption of blood supply to tissues located following the point of rupture
These two are potentially serious and can lead to extensive damage and potentially serious complications.
The Influence of High Blood Pressure
The threat stroke due to high blood pressure is related to the level of blood pressure which is higher the blood pressure greater is the possibility of stroke. The chance of stroke is lower in patients using well-controlled blood pressure in comparison with patients with poorly controlled blood pressure.
Warning Signs of Stroke
The signs and symptoms of stroke are based on the area of the brain that’s affected. However, the symptoms Which Are a cause for concern include:
Loss of consciousness
Numbness or Weakness of some part of the body
reduction of sensation in any part of the body
Deviation of mouth to one side
Issue in speaking
Issue in understanding conversation
Unusual visual flaw in one or both eyes
Dizziness, giddiness, or unhappiness
Loss of equilibrium or unexplained drops
Stroke is a serious and possibly life-threatening condition so never dismiss your symptoms. In many people, the symptoms can last only for a few seconds. Consult your doctor or visit an emergency room immediately in the event that you have symptoms of stroke even if they persist just for a few seconds.